9. Bakoni in South Africa
The remains of several structures that were built by the Bakoni tribe in South Africa are found on the hills surrounding Machadodorp, to the southeast. The hilly countryside is covered with terraces made of stone walls and large complex of 𝘳𝘶𝘪𝘯𝘴.
8. The African City of Stone in Zimbabwe
The Country of Zimbabwe actually took its name, in 1980, from this archaeological site…. The Great Zimbabwean city was an ancient one. The city of stone, which covered an area of approximately 1779 acres, was the heart of the region between 10th and 15th century. The structures that are still standing include many stone enclosures, some as high as 36 feet (11m).
7. Gedi, Kenya
First found in 1884…. Gedi ruins in the Arabuko Sokoke Forest of Kilifi in Kenya are all that remains. Archaeologists continue to be puzzled by this mysterious ancient city. Although there are no written records about Gedi, the structures and artifacts found there provide evidence that Gedi was once a thriving community that was advanced and wealthy before it disappeared sometime in the 17th Century.
6. The Lalibela Churches in Ethiopia
In the center of Ethiopia, about 400 miles from the capital city Addis Ababa, there’s a mountainous region that was once a site of religious significance. Here, 11 monolithic churches were carved into the rock, thought to have been built by King Lalibela in an attempt to build a ‘New Jerusalem’ in the 12th century after Muslim conquests prevented Christians from being able to travel to their holy city.
5. Senegambia’s Stone Circles
Senegambia’s stone circles are a collection of megalithic structures covering an area of 62 miles along the river Gambia. It’s not certain when the monuments were built, with estimates ranging between 2300 and 400 years ago. Along with the stonework, pottery, graves, and pieces of metal have also been found… showing signs of a fairly advanced society.
4. The Ledi Jaw in Ethiopia
There are many questions regarding our ancestral lineage as Africa is the continent that the human species evolved. This has been clarified recently with the discovery of Ledi Jaw. There’s a big gap in our knowledge about how our own Homo genus evolved.
3. Meroë, Sudan
Egypt is, of course, well known for its pyramids… but it’s not the only country in Africa where they were built. In the desert to the east of Sudan, along the river Nile, there’s a series of almost 200 ancient pyramids, with most of them serving as 𝑡𝑜𝑚𝑏𝑠 for the leaders of the Meroitic Kingdom.
2. Laas Geel, Somalia
Laas Geel, which means ‘source of water for camels’, is a series of 𝑟𝑜𝑐𝑘 𝑠ℎ𝑒𝑙𝑡𝑒𝑟𝑠 and caves that lie about 34 miles northeast of the capital city of Somaliland, Hargeisa. The site is now dry, but it’s near the confluence of two former rivers, which would explain why it was once known as a water source and a place with extensive evidence of human activity.
1. Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania
The Olduvai Gorge in northern Tanzania is where many of the most significant discoveries about our ancient ancestors have been made. The area has been home to archaeologists and paleoanthropologists for over a century. They have discovered stone tools and bones that date back thousands of years. This means that we humans 𝚎𝚟𝚘𝚕𝚟𝚎𝚍 in Africa.