Poland, land of strangeness


This article is not about distant lights in the sky, but about impressive ufological phenomena that have been taking place for centuries in Poland, the so-called “Land of Strangeness”. It is mainly made up of facts and eyewitness accounts who have witnessed things too strange to be mentioned by the official media. Such abundant occurrences gave rise to my book UFOs in Poland, recently released in Brazil [Code LIV-044. UFO Library, 2018], which is also a reaction to many modern works and documentaries on Ufology that always show the same old cases and hypotheses. This trend has led many people to assume that the best part of Poland’s UFO history happened in the 70’s and 80’s, and that nothing new happened before and after that.

In recent years, few UFO cases have been reported worldwide, and yet YouTube and other video sites are full of videos and reports, most anonymous and partially false, giving the impression that there is a big wave of UFOs taking place. This immense basin of knowledge called the internet is slowly becoming a source of mismatched and useless information, and also of misinformation, although, of course, it is precious to those who know how to use it. The same is true in my country, where, in addition to single and simple cases, we have a fascinating and complex UFO series, as we will see.

Most of the close encounters and disconcerting events involving UFOs in Poland, which reveal the complex nature of the UFO Phenomenon, have never been known in the West. Poles are also part of the Western world, of course, but we prefer to stay among Eastern Europeans. The facts we are going to mention here may sound exotic to some readers, among them that the modern era of UFO sightings in Poland began in 1922. My book, and consequently this article, is a kind of historical essay on UFO occurrences. in my country, compiled from the ufological literature and intense research work.

the first sightings

It is very common in Ufology to draw parallels between mythology, folklore and the modern manifestations of UFOs. The data compiled and analyzed by Dr. Jacques Vallée, for example, show that there are intriguing similarities between the beings and phenomena described in ancient legends and traditions with modern reports of close contacts. This is not restricted only to the visual similarities between “miraculous stars” and “chariots of the gods” and modern flying saucers, but also to the aftereffects of contact with such a phenomenon. There is a common thread in many ancient legends and tales that tells how those who were touched by mysterious beings in the form of gnomes, dwarves, angels, gods, etc., were never the same again—they were confused and as if bewitched by what they had encountered. , just like the current abductees, contactees and witnesses of UFO events. With a dose of imagination, we can find ufological features in ancient tales and religions.

The Polish people are part of the Slavic family, which includes Russians, Czechs, Slovaks, Ukrainians, Belarusians, Serbs, Croats, Bosnians, and peoples of other nations who, to this day, still manage to understand each other’s language relatively well. In the early Middle Ages, our ancestors dispersed across eastern and southeastern Europe, laying the foundations for the emergence of the first states. Poland emerged in the 10th century, but some modern theories suppose that an advanced state of the tribe of Wislanie existed in the southern part of the country, where Krakow is now located, as early as the 8th century.


UFO photo taken on January 8, 2006 in Zdany, Poland, by three men who were moving through the countryside and were surprised by this metallic sphere in the sky

In the opinion of scholar Andrzej Szyjewski, all Slavic tribes shared similar beliefs, and while each group honored its own gods, there were deities that were common to all of them. There was four-faced Swiatowit [One who sees the world] and Weles or Wolos, an underground deity who was described as a savage. His name connects to the word meaning hair. Unfortunately, that’s all we know about the religion of these Polish tribes. After the conversion to Christianity in the year 966, the priests of the Roman Church destroyed all relics and banned all traditions related to the old gods – the Catholic Church was responsible for the cultural and historical holocaust of Polish identity, although to this day it remains refuse to admit it.

Fortunately, part of the pagan beliefs and traditions survived among the common people and this is where we can find some veiled references to UFOs. While we think that any intense research that seeks to find parallels between ancient beliefs and Modern Ufology will eventually lead to misinterpretation, there is something in ancient Polish folklore that bears a direct resemblance to unidentified flying objects. He is known by different names across the country. The most common are Ognik [Flame] and Swietlik [Firefly].

flaming artifacts

Researchers found people from older generations who had UFO sightings and they tended to describe the objects as an Ognik. For example, after World War II, a woman from the Czestochowa area described her nighttime encounter with a large luminous sphere that made popping sounds. She figured this was one of those fiery artifacts she’d always heard about and took her experience on the folksy rather than the UFO side. So there is an open possibility that many of the encounters with Ognik actually refer to UFOs.

Another notable folkloric theme concerns the Planetnicy, “the people of the sky who came with the wind” and who eventually fell to Earth. “They are described as being elderly men dressed in linen. Another definition characterizes them as asexual little monsters or as beings with a child’s body and an old man’s head”, according to Adam and Barbara Podgórscy, authors of an excellent lexicon on Polish folk demonology. For people specialized in the relationship between folklore and Ufology, the description needs no comment.

In recent years, few UFO cases have been reported worldwide, and even so YouTube and other sites are full of videos and reports, most anonymous and partially false, giving the impression that there is a UFO wave taking place.

Bogdan Baranowski, another well-known folklorist in the country, who died in 1993, declared that memories linked to the old demonology began to disappear after the Second World War, when the new socialist government, fighting illiteracy and the backwardness of the inhabitants of rural areas, began a program of cultural and social modernization. Old tales and ghost stories ended up in the trash and those who still believed in them were considered backward.

However, I have recently come across many reports that suggested that some tales of phantom lights and mysterious beings may have resulted from actual encounters—the people who shared them were living proof of Vallée’s hypothesis about the link between ancient traditions and modern UFO reports. Some time ago I talked to people who lived in the vicinity of the Sokole Góry Reservation, who, in the 1980s, witnessed several inexplicable lights “dancing” over the fields in an abnormal way. The sighting could not be explained in the normal way, so they assumed it was a Swietlik, which, according to legend, used to haunt the area. In 2004, at the same location, the sighting of a square and bright UFO was recorded, in broad daylight.

weird to be bright

In 1969, between the cities of Piensk and Lasów, a group of young people returning from the cinema had an encounter with a strange glowing being that appeared under an oak tree. It was described as having a featureless gray head, a bright blue torso—perhaps some clothing—and hovering above the ground. The group then ran towards the entity and began chasing it. Had the encounter taken place a few decades earlier, it would certainly have been interpreted as an angelic apparition or intervention. The case was reported by Marian Borszki, one of the main witnesses.

Dziennik Zachodni published the account of a man from southern Poland who, in his childhood, in the 1950s, had an encounter with strange “demon-like beings”, he said. His parents had left to work in the fields and he had stayed behind to guard the house. At some point he turned on the radio to distract himself and heard strange sounds. When he noticed that the same kind of noise was also coming from outside the house, he looked out the window and saw two very thin beings, with gray skin and large eyes. Then he fainted from fright. The boy was so shocked by what he had seen that he never forgot the experience — he assumed the beings must be “some sort of demon”, very popular figures in Polish folklore, since he knew nothing about UFOs and extraterrestrials.

Similar reports show that some people still interpret their UFO experiences from a folk perspective, and it is very difficult to determine to what extent UFOs started the original myths and folklore, Slavic or not. This is an entirely speculative matter, although there are some very provocative stories in lore and ancient books. And there are modern examples too, such as the confusion made between a UFO sighting and a religious apparition in 1984. A man from the Lisiec Maly region, near the town of Konin, saw a spherical UFO with a vertical shaft in the vicinity of a shrine. of the Virgin Mary — and interpreted the sighting as being a sign from the heavens, some sort of “divine eye” and built a memorial to the UFO next to the religious image.

UFOs in history

The first Polish historical records talking about anomalous aerial phenomena date back to the early Middle Ages and are deeply rooted in the mental and cultural contexts of the time. Most of these are chroniclers’ records that describe miraculous events in the form of mysterious comets, stars or signs seen in the sky. It is important to mention that the Polish people, during successive ages, were absolutely obsessed with astronomy and the occult arts and many people were experts in scanning the sky carefully, waiting for celestial omens, among which comets, or “stars with a tail” were among them. the worst and most dangerous.

Many complex descriptions emerged in the 17th century, a period of great revolution for the country. After unification with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Poland became one of the strongest European nations. However, at the same time, it became involved in almost permanent conflicts with Russia, Sweden, Turkey and Crimea. These conflicts left the country depopulated, economically devastated and politically divided into factions. In 1618, in the region of Szczecin, a goat herder named Klaus Neuman had an interesting encounter with a flying light.
According to an article on historic UFOs published by Jerzy Podralski in 1979 in the journal Glos Szczecinski, the pastor reported that he “observed a strange light in the sky and then something like a pigeon descended and changed into a boy who appeared to be four years old.” , dressed in a white shirt who was speaking to the witness. After some time the boy disappeared and the shepherd saw something that looked like a star rising.”


Illustration of a Swietlik entity as imagined by the inhabitants of southern Poland, who believe that such beings are just demons

The same Podralski found records that date back to 1637 and narrate that “at 3:00 am, a white and very luminous dot was seen over Szczecin and a flaming object appeared in the middle of it. It was red at the bottom and white at the top.” The object was ejecting great bolts of fire and big red ropes all around it – it was moving erratically and at one point it came down on a mill and the soldiers who were in the guardhouse left immediately.

A letter from the last great Polish king, Jan III Sobieski, from 1683, provides what appears to be a solid UFO report. The monarch, who was engaged in a major battle with the Turks who had begun to besiege Vienna, wrote to his wife that, “At 7:00 a.m. on a perfect and very bright morning, something that looked like a small rainbow appeared and acquired the shape of the Moon seen a few days after the new moon phase. The thing was extraordinary. We were heading west and it appeared behind us. Then it turned east, to the left of the Sun. Something like an X or a U began to emerge from that almost Moon. It all took about 30 minutes.”

“Pulsing Rings and Pillars”

The first modern report of anomalous aerial phenomena in Poland dates from the 19th century and comes from the Szczebrzeszyn and Pisz regions, where meteorologists noticed “rings and pillars of fire pulsating and emitting light”, according to one description. Arek Miazga, a ufologist from the Rzeszów area, discovered a very interesting account from the late 19th century. In the newspaper Czas, April 20, 1892, a reporter wrote a note about a strange sighting that happened in Przemysl, in the southeastern area of ​​Poland, then belonging to the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

The note said that “last Saturday, a bright spot was observed in Przemysl which appeared over Jaroslaw in a northeasterly direction. The object was spherical in shape and ejected up and down beams of light of electrical radiance and conical shape.” With the aid of binoculars it became clear that it was neither a planet nor a star, as the artifact was hovering in the air at about 400 m above the surface and began to circle an area of ​​approximately 4,000 m. “It is assumed that it was a balloon, whose crew tried to do some kind of experiment with electric lamps,” the note added.

The journalist’s efforts to explain the sighting with the electric light bulb in a balloon theory make him a precursor to modern skepticism about UFOlogy — and what’s interesting is that the same hypothesis accompanied other reports of sightings in the town of Rzeszów, where , in 1913, a strange object was observed twice. The Glos Rzeszowski newspaper reported that the artifact seen in July “was casting rays of light on the buildings below and soon disappeared into the distance”. These reports form the fundamental blocks of information for the Modern Era of Ufology. In Poland, however, this era did not begin after World War II, but much earlier, shortly after the country regained independence in 1918.

Modern pre-war accounts

The first modern case of a flying saucer sighting, which in my opinion ushered in the Modern Era of Ufology in the country, came from Targówek, a district of Warsaw, and details a close-range demonstration of a saucer-shaped craft that took place in June or July 1922. Next, we will see the witness’s impressive account. Let’s see:

“I was walking in Targówek with my aunt and brother-in-law when we saw something come down from the sky, accompanied by a whistling. We were sure it was going to hit the ground, but somehow it managed to hover in the air, about eight to ten feet off the ground. It was huge, shaped like a slightly flattened ball, resembling two plates joined at the edges. It looked like it was made of aluminum or some silver and gray metal. I was observing the artifact from a distance between 100 and 150 m. Looking closely, I noticed that the two parts of the artifact were separated by a kind of ring that rotated, while the others remained static. Soon after, the ring also stopped turning and I saw something that seemed to be part of the windows and I had the impression that the ship’s crew was watching us. I was sure that the object was going to land and that we would enter it, but, after some time it fired at an angle of about 45° and we heard the sound of a big explosion. This event was witnessed by hundreds of people.”

The Targówek Case was described in the book by authors Bronislaw Rzepecki and Krzysztof Piechota UFO nad Polska [UFOs Over Poland. Bialystok Publishers, 1996]. Rzepecki and Piechota obtained some other reports of classic UFO sightings before 1947. One of the more unusual involved a possible landing, with sightings of occupants outside the craft, in 1926 or 1927. In their book Spotkania z UFO w Polsce [Close Contacts with UFOs in Poland. Tarnów Editors, 1995], Rzepecki writes that:

“On August 23, 1989 I met with Zofia Lutz and interviewed her about the incident. The events took place in the meadows between Brzezie and Ujazd, near Zabierzów, in the Krakow region. The witness was 14 years old at the time. That day, around 3:00 pm, she left to tend to the cows raised by her family. Suddenly, the animals stopped and pulled the chains, forcing the girl back. She looked towards Ujazd and saw, approximately 200 m away, three spherical objects landed or hovered very close to the ground. In front of each of them was a small being. The UFOs were the color of cement and the witness saw a small darker vertical line on each of them, which she assumed were some sort of opening. According to Zofia’s account, the occupants were shorter than she and wore greenish uniforms.”

Among the oldest Polish UFO reports I chose these because they have very similar characteristics to the modern ones — it is difficult to determine the true scale of the UFO phenomena between the end of the 19th century and the 30s of the last century due to the lack of information and references. As there was no public and open discussion on the matter, many witnesses did not submit their reports to the newspapers. It wasn’t until many decades later, when the media started to cover and discuss the matter, that people started contacting ufologists, saying “we also saw something like this”.

Regardless of the true nature of the UFO Phenomenon — whether it is essentially paranormal, as John Keel claims, or purely extraterrestrial, as Stanton Friedman says — it seems that there are enough cases to go back the date of the beginning of the Modern Era of Ufology to before 1947. This step is not only symbolic, but also has serious implications for understanding UFO phenomenology. There are many researchers who try to explain it with simplistic statements, claiming that flying saucers are just a cultural product of the Cold War and the space race. But cases like the ones we present prove that no matter what UFOs are, they were certainly around before the Cold War.

Stories in times of war

Poland’s history is a perpetual war tale, but no other conflict has been as cruel and devastating to the country as World War II, the most traumatic period in our history. Attacked by German forces on 1 September 1939, the country was soon abandoned by its Western allies and its inept government fled to Romania, with the war campaign still ongoing. But even in a time of calamity like the German invasion of Poland, there were incredible UFO sightings. Many researchers link the era to the famous foo fighters, the ghost lights that preceded flying saucers and that seemed to play cat and mouse with pilots of both allied and enemy forces. However, in the Polish Ufology records there are some extraordinary cases that are little known, which occurred between 1939 and 1945, which involved,

A peculiar incident is the Nowiny landing, which comes from the archives of the aforementioned researchers Piechota and Rzepecki. In 1987, the two met with the only one of the five original witnesses to the event who was still alive and who at the time of the events was 16 years old. The case took place in 1943 or 1944, in the small village of Nowiny, located in the Chelm area, east of the country. The researchers were unable to pinpoint the exact beginning of the events, although it probably all started when a strange object landed 100 m from the witnesses’ hut – two of them decided to approach the mushroom-shaped UFO and, as they got close, they met its strange passengers. . According to the researchers, “the object resembled a bollard with a hat on top, that is, it had a semicircular cabin over a cylinder. There was a row of windows, a sliding door, and a small staircase. The cylindrical part was about 3.5 m high and the upper part or cabin, something around one meter high by 4 m wide.”

One of the witnesses stated that there were 8 or 9 beings close to the artifact, whose description and behavior are quite typical of post-war accounts – Nowiny’s humanoids were approximately 1.40 m tall and resembled humans. Their skin was pink and when they smiled their mouths formed a half moon. They wore a helmet strapped under their chin and two-piece clothing. Still according to the researchers, “the language of the beings sounded like Japanese, was shrill and incomprehensible. With gestures, they tried to get the witnesses to enter the ship, but the two refused, also with gestures. Finally, one of the beings waved his hand, causing the two men to fall to the ground. Shortly after they entered the UFO, the object hissed, vibrated and then, accompanied by a loud buzz, shot into the sky.”

The Bzowski sighting

Kazimierz Bzowski, who died in 2005 at age 80, was a prominent Warsaw ufologist and publicist. At a certain point in his career, the researcher realized that UFOs could not be fully understood within the limits of conventional science, and decided to examine some points of high UFO incidence using dowsing. With the help of engineer Miloslaw Wilk, Bzowski formulated a theory in an attempt to link UFO activity to shifting subtle energies on Earth—his thesis was as complex as the Theory of Relativity and few people could understand it, but he postulated that the planet would be surrounded by an energetic web, dotted with “holes” or “dots” that would allow the manifestation of UFOs.

In Poland we have the Planetnicy, ‘the people from the sky who came with the wind’ and who ended up falling to Earth. They are described as being elderly men dressed in linen. Another definition characterizes them as asexual little monsters

Bzowski saw something that changed his life and that probably inspired the ufological work that the researcher undertook many years later. On April 9, 1943, just over a week before the Jewish uprising against the Nazis, he and his companions were trying to determine the whereabouts of German forces by observing a sector of the ghetto consumed by flames. Around 17:00, the boys saw a strange aerial device approaching the area and decided to examine it more closely with binoculars – then they saw a sphere with well-defined edges, inside which were tangled strips, visible in raspberry and green colors. bluish. The object moved erratically, rising and falling repeatedly. Experienced observers calculated that it was traveling at the speed of a German Fieseler Storch plane, that is, at 96 km/h.

UFO at the Battle of Wielopole

Bzowski, who described their encounter in 2002, estimated the artifact to be 60 m high and 7.5 m in diameter. The most interesting part of his sighting, however, was yet to happen. The Germans and Lithuanian gunmen who were shooting at the people who appeared at the windows of the burning houses — not the rebels, but those trying to escape the fire — stopped almost simultaneously as the orb came out of smoke and positioned themselves on Bonifraterska, a sector clearly visible to Bzowski and his colleagues. “All the soldiers fired at the artifact and the shots lasted a few minutes. I saw bullets that seemed to pass through the sphere without causing it any harm,” Bzowski reported. The ship continued to float above them until it changed course and headed for the Old City.

In the summer of 1944 there was a sighting in the Czudec region of a “fire shield” in the skies, which was witnessed by Kraus Marcus, who described it in a letter to the magazine Nieznany Swiat. That day, in the company of his brother and father, a veteran of the First World War, Marcus and his relatives ran to watch the battle taking place to conquer Wielopole Skrzynskie, located on a hill approximately 9 km away. He remembered seeing streaks of bullets, though on that occasion the battle was pretty quiet. Realizing that there wasn’t much to watch, the boys and their father decided to head home and it was at that moment that something very unusual appeared in the air.

According to Marcus, “from behind the southern hills appeared an object in the shape of a red shield like a brick. Its diameter was half that of the full moon and it flew horizontally in a south-north direction over the tops of the hills, between 200 and 250 m, with a constant speed”. The artifact spun as it moved, and it seemed to him that it rolled over every two seconds. The shield had a very intense color, but it did not glow or radiate light. The valley where Marcus lived is about 8 km wide and that device took just 15 or 20 seconds to cross it. “Our father, who was an experienced soldier and an artilleryman in the war between Poland and the Bolsheviks, looked perplexed. He said it could be an artillery thing, but it was impossible for something like that to fly horizontally.”

Foo fighter seen from the ground

The mysterious foo fighters, the strange spheres of light that haunted the aviators at the end of the conflict, were not the only strange elements in the dynamics of the war. Reports varied, but in December 1944, Allied Headquarters in Paris issued a statement saying that those sightings could indicate that the German Air Force was testing some kind of new aerial weapon—the fear, fortunately, was unwarranted, as there was no hostile attitude on the part of the foo fighters, while on the other hand it seemed obvious that they were intelligently controlled.

The Polish contribution to these cases is quite extensive. The first sighting of a greenish ball, involved in strange maneuvers over the Indian Ocean, was reported in September 1941 by the crew of a Polish ship called the SS Pulaski, which was carrying British soldiers. Michael Netine, a British actor who served for a time in the Royal Air Force (RAF), said he interviewed Polish squadron pilots who saw foo fighters during a mission over the German testing ground in Pennemunde.


Unidentified flying object photographed in Brzostek on July 26, 2003. Image has been analyzed and reported as authentic

Polish ufologists have gathered some additional reports about the phenomenon. The most interesting case came from Andrzej Trepka’s file and was reported by Zenon Sergisz, who had a daytime sighting during the Warsaw Uprising in mid-August 1944. At around 11:00 am, during a break in combat operations, he was admiring the clear and sunny weather. Suddenly, his attention was drawn to a huge German bomber and three small dots in the sky reflecting the sun’s rays. As the aircraft departed, Sergisz had the impression that those artifacts began to descend—in seconds, they had dropped their altitude to such an extent that they disappeared behind some nearby buildings, but soon began to rise at right angles and disappeared once more.

Sergisz’s description of the event is remarkable: “I was completely perplexed by what I saw. The bomber was about 480 m above the city. And just below, maybe just a few feet above the ground, those objects were flying in an inverted flight path. They looked like flattened spheres, smaller than the plane, and resembled something between a lens and a coin.” Whatever those devices were, they mimicked the foo fighters’ strategy of “playing” with the aircraft, without attacking them. Other Polish encounters involved sightings in Warsaw, 1942, Czestochowa, 1944, and Ostrzeszów, 1945, but they were less complex and reported by people who did not witness them. The reports that we show here are those that involve phenomena that, without a doubt, can be classified as ufological.

post-war cases

Although the first modern UFO sighting in Poland took place in 1922, initial publications about anomalous aerial phenomena and objects only began to appear in newspapers in the 1950s, in the period of cultural thaw that followed Stalin’s death. The author of those articles, Kazimierz Zalewski, and a researcher at the time, Andrzej Trepka, were true pioneers in Polish Ufology. The explosion of interest in UFOs took place in the late 1950s, when the press—although fully state-controlled—began to regularly publish reports on the phenomenon. The UFO problem had been considered, by the conservative and materialistic Polish society, as some kind of whim or extravagance, but soon the eyewitness letters, which flooded the newsrooms, forced some to change their minds.

The first decade after the end of the Second World War was a difficult one for Poland as it involved the change of the political system to socialism and also the country’s accession to the Eastern Bloc. Stalinism in Poland was a period of intense political struggle, to which many adhered. But the most serious problem was the devastation of the country and the need for reform in many different areas. The atmosphere during the Stalinist era did not allow for UFO research, but everything changed after 1953, with the establishment of the Warsaw Treaty. In 1955, a policy was adopted to close the government door to any UFO-related issue.

Said the witness: ‘I was observing the artifact from a distance between 100 and 150 m. Looking closely, I noticed that the two parts of the strange artifact were separated by a kind of ring that rotated, while the others remained static’

From then on, the Polish Army and Special Forces gathered, and must have analyzed, some reports that had national security importance — but all the results were kept secret and shared only with Moscow. This state of affairs remained until 1989, when democratic reforms began, but the truth is that the Polish Government does not address this issue to this day. And no politician in the country has ever commented on UFOs. Thus, unfortunately, little is known about Polish sightings in the directly pre-war period. Most reports of sightings remain in the archives of ufologists. Of the cases we know of, we have chosen the most interesting that occurred in the period between 1946 and 1959. The second date marks a truly disconcerting incident,

In 2011, researcher Miazga interviewed a woman in her 70s named Zofia Dutz, who claimed to have observed, shortly after the war and in the company of other people, a disk that emanated strong light. The object would have appeared over an orchard in the Sanok region of eastern Poland in broad daylight. Despite her age, Zofia had very clear memories of the incident, which involved an artifact she described as “very different from the planes seen during the war”. In her account, she said that “everything happened right after the war, in Cidade Velha, where we lived. There was an orchard and that day an old man, who owned the place, went there to pick some plums. Suddenly he yelled at us: Come take a look at this! There was a kind of craft there, close to the ground, which was entirely red and looked like the sun, although it was much flatter. A lot of people saw it, but it was so long ago. He was flying over the region, going up and down nonstop.” Zofia couldn’t remember how and when the UFO took off.

No joints or holes

On August 16, 1949, a young woman from the Wola Drzewiecka region on her way home saw a strange dark greenish object, which she likened to “two bowls joined at the outer edges”, measuring five feet in diameter. The artifact’s surface was smooth and resembled molten metal, with no joints or holes. Curious, the girl approached the artifact, stretched out her right arm and gently touched the surface of the UFO with her index finger. She wrote the witness in 1982:

“I could feel small vibrations coming from the device. From today’s perspective, I’d say they resembled small electric shocks. I pulled my arm away quickly and saw that my fingertip was reddened as if it had been burned. I looked at it and heard a low, metallic sound. It then began to spin and rose from the ground, disappearing at 150 m altitude. Before he was gone, I, farther away, saw a very large and bright sphere, the size of the setting sun. The artifact I touched headed south, towards the road that connects the town of Drzewce to Slupia, where the glowing sphere was. It all took about three minutes, but the ball remained in that place for several days. My father said it was a balloon, but I don’t remember seeing it in motion. And at dusk it looked less bright.”


UFO probes are abundantly observed in all parts of Poland and countries in that region.

Is it possible for an object to remain stationary in the air for so long? Another girl, who in 1954 approached a long, metallic object in the woods, recalled only a part of her experience — she was found unconscious in a clearing and remembered entering a “cylindrical vessel manned by strange beings”, as I said. Unfortunately, there are few details available about this case. The first UFO abduction cases in Poland — before the Villas Boas Case in Brazil and the Hill Case in the United States — took place in the summer of 1954 in Wegierska Górka, a village in the south of the country. The aforementioned researcher Rzepecki said he came across the case in 1986.

He wrote that witness EW, then 11 years old, had gone out with other children to pick mushrooms, something that is very common in the country. According to Rzepecki, the witness remembered hearing a “mental command” to separate from the group and run to a nearby clearing, which was something like 10 m wide. As soon as she arrived at the scene, she saw a large metallic object in the form of a tube that was hovering over the floor – there was an opening in the fuselage and the girl walked towards it, with robotic and involuntary movements.

Panels attached to the walls

The witness said that, “While walking towards the UFO, I saw a being standing at the door of the craft. He was about 1.65m tall, with white skin and human-like eyes. There was tight clothing covering the stranger’s entire body and only his face was visible. He also looked like he had some sort of bump or lump on his back.” Also according to the description given by EW, the interior of the ship resembled polished aluminum and had four panels attached to the walls, with humanoids manipulating each of them – these beings were smaller than the one that received the witness, measuring 1.5 meters. m tall and wore gray overalls. About a minute later, she received another mental command to sit two feet away from a gray metallic pillar, which reached from the ceiling to the floor. That was the last thing she remembered.

Despite the detailed description and the fact that the case of Wegierska Górka occurred before the episodes of Villas Boas and Hill, it cannot be compared to these, mainly due to the long time that elapsed between the facts and the registration process. Another event was presented by the newspaper Echo Krakowa, which reported that on November 4, 1957, at around 7:30 pm, many residents observed a disk that measured about 1/6 the size of the Moon. On November 10, people from Skaryszew, site of Europe’s largest horse market, noticed a huge cigar-shaped object with radiant colors traveling slowly westward, astonishing locals. A few weeks after this incident, a moving red light startled people in Bielsko Biala. As witness Elzbieta Kusnierz said:

It appeared that the Beskidy region, where Bielsko Biala is also located, was experiencing an intense UFO wave at the time. Among other reports recorded there is that of Mr RG, who observed three symmetrical spheres from the balcony of his house in Milówka in January 1957. Also from the same period comes a very interesting note written by Julian Zielinski, from the village of Rodaki. He said that, “On the nights of January 22 and 23, 1957, between 10:05 pm and 1:25 am, a terrible thing could be seen in the sky. Six burning, horizontal pillars ran from west to east. Three of them came back the second night. The phenomenon was witnessed by a crowd of people.” Along with Grzegorz Tarczynski, I found the only living witnesses to this incident, Mrs Zofia Oruba and Julian’s daughter,

UFO crash in Gdynia

The year 1959 is symbolic within Polish Ufology and marks the most important incident of that time — the legendary UFO crash in the Port of Gdynia. The truth behind this story is quite complicated, as is usually the case in all cases involving a UFO crash. At first, we can say with some certainty that something actually dove into the icy waters of the Gdynia basin, but the rest is not so simple to assess.

We have three main sources of information about the incident at the port. The first, and most important, involves press and eyewitness accounts, the only factual material in this case. Another group contains dubious information from foreign sources claiming that an alien being was found on a Baltic Sea beach by maritime guards. The third source is contemporary folklore, which gave birth to a legend regarding the “Polish Roswell Affair”, as it was called, based on accounts of people always anonymous, who would have said this or that.

The beings’ language sounded like Japanese, shrill and incomprehensible. With gestures, they tried to make the witnesses enter the ship, but the two refused, also with gestures. Finally, one of the beings waved, causing the two men to fall to the ground.

What we do know about the case is that on January 21, 1959, at around 6:00 a.m., dock workers at the Port of Gdynia heard a piercing metallic boom, described by Jan Roczynski and Tadeusz Mikusinski as “a scraping sound, very similar to with the friction between two pieces of metal”. Jan Blok, who worked aboard the Jaroslaw Dabrowski vessel, noticed federal police looking for something that had allegedly fallen into the waters of the basin. “The thing went over my head. It was large and a little pink in color, with a wide but not long, fiery tail. Before I had time to take a step back, that weird thing disappeared into the water,” Blok declared. Another witness named Jan Kuczynski, a forklift operator, said the artifact was about three feet long, semi-circular and pink,

Other descriptions involve comparisons to a cone or even a flaming barrel. The object fell into the fourth basin of the Port of Gdynia. Another forklift operator, Stanislaw Kolodziejski, claimed that the device evidently disturbed the surface of the waters — there were many other people who saw the object in flight and their reports appeared in the newspaper Wieczór Wybrzeza. A January 23 press release said that “Wlodzimierz and Jadwiga Plonczkier of Gdynia saw in the northeast part of the sky at approximately 06:05 a flying saucer of circular shape. The object had an orange color and pink edges. After a while, it disappeared behind the buildings.” The dates of Plonczkier’s and other workers’ observations vary, but this may have been the result of an editorial error and, of course,

looking for the mate

Persistent rumors and information chaos have given rise to several unconfirmed stories — the most popular being that an artifact, which allegedly hovered over the harbor for several days after the accident, was looking for its lost “companion”. Another rumor claimed that the exotic object had been pulled out of the water, confiscated by the Polish military and later shipped to Moscow. When the internet age began, even alleged photos of the incident surfaced. Typing the words Gdynia and UFO on the Google Images website, you can see some black and white photos of a luminous body over an unidentified structure, which looks like the port in question. The photo, in fact, comes from Bzowski’s archive and depicts an alleged UFO not over Gdynia, but over Warsaw.

The best conventional explanation he found for the mysterious reports was that it was a meteorite. Andrzej S. Pilski, a space rock expert, wrote in 1999 that the Gdynia event was caused by an iron meteorite that embedded itself in the muddy bottom of the basin and was never located. However, it turned out that there is a harbor official who knows all the mysteries of the Gdynia UFO. Engineer Jon Alojzy stated that “the object was a cylindrical container made of some sort of film of glass and filled with a pink substance, heavier than water. Our lab team was afraid to check. After World War II, the sea floor was littered with all sorts of rubbish, like phosgene and mustard gases. At the end,

The legend about an alleged alien survivor found on a Baltic Sea beach was born far away from Gdynia. Its roots can be traced to Arthur Shuttlewood’s book The Flying Saucers. Sphere Press, 1976], from which he derived the story of a certain Antoni Szachnowski, a Polish ufologist living in London, who in turn heard about the case of a doctor who had examined the alien in Poland and then emigrated to the Great Britain. In fact, nobody knew anything about him in Poland. In short, the story goes that two coast guards encountered a male figure acting strangely and who would have spoken to them in inconceivable language — the hospital examination showed that the stranger was most likely not human. It was determined that he had internal organs in different positions than humans and additional fingers. The being was in critical condition and the doctors had to remove its metallic cover – when they took a kind of bracelet that the humanoid wore, the being died. This fantastic story gained great popularity and is now an integral part of the legend of Gdynia.

the forgotten years

In 1961, Latajace Talerze [Flying Saucers] was published. Burhz Editors], by Janusz Thor, the first Polish book on UFOs, released in years of intense public interest in the subject. In the opinion of some researchers in the country, the next two decades were a period of “ufological drought” in Poland. Rzepecki and Piechota stated, bluntly, that it was a monotonous time, without cases of interest or relevance. Records list a dozen cases in the 1960s and then a slight increase in the number of sightings in the 1970s, paving the way for a major UFO wave that took place between 1978 and 1982.

But is it really that the 60s did not have UFO sightings? My research has uncovered many interesting accounts that remain available in some publications, and several witnesses have only shared their experiences from that period now, in the 21st century. One of the most interesting UFO episodes occurred in 1961, when a bright spherical object appeared over Warsaw and remained stationary in the same place for hours. It was probably the first of several cases reported by the press about mass sightings in Poland. The Express Wieczorny newspaper reproduced a photograph taken by a reporter showing a strange “spot of light” hovering over Warsaw with the following information: “On Friday afternoon, the residents of Warsaw were surprised by a sensational event that lasted three hours. At around 7 pm, they noticed a large glowing object in the sky. The rumor spread and soon everyone was wondering if this was Sputnik, a flying saucer or a segment of a space rocket. Controversies intensified when an aircraft appeared close to the object.”

Reporters mentioned that they immediately called the local observatory and the Polish Air Force command. According to the first hypotheses, this was a faulty weather balloon that was falling back to Earth. But the National Institute of Hydrology and Meteorology said that was an unlikely explanation — despite media reports that the observation lasted three hours, the artifact remained in the air for about eight hours, finally disappearing around 10:20 pm.

“I have no idea”

A Polish ufologist, in an article for a now defunct magazine in the area, highlighted some intriguing elements in the eyewitness accounts. According to estimates, the UFO that hovered very high in the sky and remained clearly visible — was much larger than the aircraft seen close to it. The account of Mr Stanislaw Salinski of Warsaw assures that the Army was much more confused by the incident than has been officially acknowledged. Salinski stated: “On that bright and cloudless day, I was on my way home, and around 2:00 pm, as I was heading through the Bielanski Forest, I unexpectedly encountered soldiers who were looking for something in the area in the savannah.”

One of them responded to their question about what they were looking for, saying, “I have no idea. They asked us to look for some object that fell. Then I saw over the woods, and very high in the air, a strange spherical object glowing brightly with colored lights, from white to blue and red. It seemed to hover and was constantly rotating around itself, with countless lights flashing in different colors.”


Historian Bogdan Baranowski [E] and ufologist Arek Miazga are at the forefront of investigations of UFO occurrences across the country.

According to the witness’ account, she took the binoculars and, to her great astonishment, saw that the artifact was moving very slowly, as if pushed by a slight breeze. “Around 3:30 pm, it passed directly over me and didn’t disappear until 8:30 pm, still emitting a strong light even after the sun went down.” On the artifact itself, with binoculars he was able to discern that it wasn’t entirely spherical — it was somewhat polygon-shaped and not rotating. Only a few segments were constantly changing color. Such elements were also polygonal, more or less similar to a football. To the west there was the Bemowo Military Airport, and when the UFO started to move there, 3 or 4 military aircraft tried to intercept it. “The artifact was still hovering over the area at the time. Furthermore,

In 2012, the aforementioned Arek Miazga received a letter from another individual who remembered the incident. At the time, a 10-year-old boy, he observed a brightly colored ball made up of some rectangular elements that remained visible for some time — and he also remembered that a Mig fighter had appeared in the area. The central press suggested that the object could be a Japanese communication balloon that had escaped during technical work before the 1964 Olympics and then miraculously reappeared thousands of kilometers to the west over the Polish capital.

Other interesting cases

Two other episodes that took place in the “forgotten years” of Polish UFO history involve the first sightings of so-called flying triangles. One of them comes from the aforementioned book by Jacques Vallée, which states that in 1959, in the region of Kolobrzeg, in Pomerania, Polish soldiers observed an artifact in the shape of an isosceles triangle emerging from the water, taking off and making a lot of noise above the sea, before leaving. . The length of the UFO was estimated to be around 11 m. The case is unknown by any Polish sources. Another story, this one mentioned in Miazga’s book, took place in the summer of 1968 in Rzeszów, and was witnessed by three teenagers who noticed a triangular UFO flying over the houses on Staszic Street. It was an irregular triangle that emitted a soft hum and flew slowly over the area, heading west. According to people’s accounts, it was difficult to see the object due to its dark color, although in its underside there were some “bulbs” of bright colors. Almost half a century later, the same devices would be observed in Poland, during a UFO wave in 2013.

From 1966 to 1972, residents of the locality of Dolhobrody, near Bialystok, reported several sightings of a mushroom-shaped light phenomenon over the village, which appeared both at night and during the day, but unfortunately very little is known about these. incidents. Another unusual case occurred in 1974, in Janowice, and was witnessed by the family of Kazimierz Duda, who had rented an apartment in a school building in the village. Dudley said that one autumn night his attention was attracted by strange sounds that sounded like crackling static electricity — he went outside and saw a dark rectangular object that was standing behind the fence. On the surface of the UFO was what the witness described as “dancing sparks”.

From then on, the Polish Army and Special Forces gathered, and must have analyzed, some reports that had national security importance — but all the results were kept secret and shared only with Moscow.

The fear in Dudley’s mind was quickly replaced by a fierce curiosity and he decided to approach the artifact and even left his papers in the backyard. But suddenly, the flying rectangle began to rise and stopped about 5 m above the ground, emanated a very loud crack accompanied by intense sparks, and then took off, moving away at an odd angle. In the publication Obecnosc UFO [UFO Presence. Gdansk Press, 1983] Zbigniew Blania Bolnar discussed an intriguing close encounter that took place between the localities of Kargowa and Wolsztyn. On September 17, 1977, a honeymoon couple was returning from their trip to Switzerland in their Volkswagen. As they approached Kargowa, around 02:00, they noticed two unusual lights, but ignored them and continued their journey for another kilometer, when something very unusual happened.

“An object shaped like two spheres approached us at an enormous and indescribable speed, and hovered over our car without disturbing the engine or electrical system. I stopped and tried to get a better look at the artifact. I can only compare it to two shiny ‘lamps’. One was slightly larger than the other and emitted a bright, white light, though not dazzling. The other light was also intense, but yellow-orange in color. Both artifacts behaved as if they were linked together and were at a distance of 2 m from us”.

The UFO reaction

The boy stated that he stopped the car to check the reaction of the UFO that followed them for approximately 10 km, staying between 6 and 9 m away from him – the driver mentioned that he was almost hypnotized by the encounter. In Wolsztyn, where the couple lived, “the lamps” took off and took off at very high speed. There are even more examples of encounters with classic flying saucers or Ognik, as mentioned before. One of them happened to Mieczyslaw Strzechowski, a well-known Polish ethnologist who shared his story with me. In his account, he detailed an encounter with a burning ball that involved travel, an episode of wasted time, and an experience of what was termed the Oz Factor by British ufologist Jenny Randles.

The witness explained his experience as follows: “In the first half of the 1960s, I was a teenager and regarded in the local community as a stable boy and a good student. That day I was alone in our house, which was in an old building, and we had to walk through the entire building to turn on the lights. As I did so, I focused my attention on the windowsill, which was white as snow, but then started to turn pinker and pinker. My curiosity turned to panic as I remembered a series of fires that had occurred in the area. Fire was my first impression. In a panic, I ran outside. The street lights were off. I stopped and soon realized that it wasn’t fire at all.”

Still according to him, “a sphere that radiated a red light slowly floated above me. Its surface was not smooth, but it appeared to be cut by a few ripples and wrinkles. I saw its light reflecting off the ceramic pieces of electric poles that were nearby. I got the feeling it was alive, you know? I watched it with my mind completely absorbed. I couldn’t see or hear anything else. I was in some kind of stupor. I didn’t feel cold either. The sphere slowly moved away and then began to gradually disappear.” Strzechowski added that, looking at the surface of the sphere, he got the impression that it was “boiling like volcanic lava.” But the most shocking aspect of this incident was the empty, lifeless street that used to be crowded with traffic. It is this experience that Randles called the Oz Factor.

contemporary accounts

“How could it be that I alone witnessed that phenomenon? The next day no one spoke about it in town. I wonder what kind of ‘realm’ I was in when I looked at that sphere?” he asks. Strzechowski’s account was recorded in 2013 and it must be said that it doesn’t differ much from contemporary accounts, although it all took place several decades ago. It should also be noted that the atmosphere for public discussion of UFO experiences is still not very good in Poland. For unknown reasons, after the country’s accession to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1999, UFOs became a real taboo.


Unidentified artifact similar to the one observed on September 17, 1977 by a honeymoon couple returning from their trip to Switzerland

It may be shocking to some, but Polish TV news mentions miracles resulting from prayers to a deceased Pope are more likely to be found in reports of UFOs. Top TV journalists—who have become incredibly stupid in recent years—are always looking for the sensationalist news, and for some unknown reason they refrain from covering serious UFO reports. Witnesses who are brave enough to make their sightings public in Polish media today risk exposing themselves to ridicule, but I and my fellow researchers will continue to support them despite the ridiculous attitude of the press and the public on the matter.

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