Ollantaytambo is one of Peru’s most aesthetically intriguing places. It’s practically impossible to believe that the Incan civilisation, with its limited technology, could have created such a place, which is said to be that of the Incas and situated at a height of 2,792 meters above sea level.
Ollantaytambo was Emperor Pachacuti’s royal property during the Inca Empire, and after conquering the area, he built the town and the ceremonial complex therein.
It is such a magnificent, strategically located structure that it served as a fortress for Manco Inca Yupanqui, the Inca resistance’s leader, during the Spanish invasion.
The Sacred Valley of the Incas, as it is currently called, is a famous tourist site. However, as we’ve addressed on our channel multiple times, how could a civilization build such incredible buildings at such a brief date in history?
Furthermore, why did they build some of these places, and what was the purpose of them? Some of Peru’s ruins, notably those at Ollantaytambo, raise the issue of why, if the huge stairs carved into the hillside were meant for human use, were they erected on such massive scales?
Around the mid-15th century, the Incan ruler Pachacuti “conquered” Ollantaytambo and the surrounding territory, according to legend. Everything was deposited in his own estate.
The emperor then claims to have rebuilt the town with luxurious buildings, as well as terracing and irrigating the Urubamba Valley with skill… Especially if you have no previous understanding of these methods…
The main settlement of Ollantaytambo is orthogonal, with four longitudinal streets and seven parallel streets intersecting. A large plaza in the grid’s center, open to the east, is surrounded on three sides by halls and other town blocks. The architectural styles in the city’s northern reaches are more varied.
Surprisingly, the degree of erosion that has happened over the years has made it impossible to determine the original blueprints, maybe suggesting its true age? Were these gigantic ledge steps previously used by giants? Or possibly it had a similar role as Morray, an ancient site?
Morray, a mind-boggling site also thought to be Incan, had a remarkable purpose.
The creators of this gigantic structure seem to be horticulturists. They had discovered that by constructing these elevated ledges at certain angles to the seasonal winds and light, they could progressively adapt plants that had previously been inappropriate for that environment over many generations.
Is this the reason for the construction of Ollantaytambo? Moray is little recognized in academia, and contemporary paradigms struggle to explain its existence and function. And, although not giants, we feel the original locations were as impressive.