The earliest among the Pacific islands was Nan Madol, a historic administrative center and former capital of the Micronesian island of Pohnpei. The most intriguing aspect of this island, though, is its historical heritage. This mysterious metropolis is located 1000 kilometers from the coast in the midst of the Pacific Ocean. The island is also known as the “Pacific Venice.”
Nan Madol is shrouded in mystery.
For generations, Nan Madol, a historic settlement built over a coral reef, has been abandoned. It is located on the isolated island of Pohnpei in the northwest Pacific and is the greatest archaeological site in Micronesia, a group of islands in Oceania’s Caroline Archipelago.
It was formerly considered that the ancient city was built around the year 1300 CE. It was narrowed down to a 20-year period between 1180 and 1200 AD by Dr. Mark McCoy of Southern Methodist University and his colleagues from the United States, China, Japan, and the United Kingdom.
“The culture in which we now live was not born last year, or even 100 years ago.” – McCoy, Dr.
“It comes from a pre-modern age like Nan Madol, when there was a ruler or chief.” These islanders created a new kind of civilization, which is a socially inventive feat.”
“The concept of a chief, or someone in control, is not new, but it is a crucial antecedent. Tribes and bands, we know, precede chiefdoms and states. It isn’t, however, a straight line. We may get insight into that social phenomena by studying at these intermediary phases.”
For a period of time, this island was home to more than 1,000 people. However, it has now been completely deserted. Why would someone create an island in the midst of the Pacific Ocean is the question. The scholars have been perplexed by several unforeseen mysteries related with this island.
Nan Madol’s Mysterious Origin
The island’s fortifications are said to be rising from under the waves. Furthermore, some of the blocks weighed more than 40 tons. It was almost difficult to construct a towering wall from under the water at the time. As a result, it’s assumed that Nan Madol stood higher than the sea at the time it was created. However, geologists believe that the island where Nan Madol lived was never drowned in the water because to a phenomena known as Bradyseism.
But then there’s the matter of how the water came to blanket the island. If the island did not submerge, it suggests that the water level climbed. However, it is worth noting that Nan Madol is not situated near a little sea, but rather in the Pacific Ocean. A large quantity of water would be necessary to elevate such a big water body as the Pacific. So, how did the water get there?
The last time the Pacific Ocean’s water level increased was around 14,000 years ago. The ice that covered much of the Earth melted away during the last Deglaciation. When the icebergs, which were almost the size of a continent, melted, the water level rose dramatically, providing the ocean with the water it needed to rise. So, based on this remark, we may safely assume that the island was formed roughly 14,000 years ago.
The majority of experts disagree with this idea, which is why Wikipedia claims that Saudeleurs erected Nan Madol in the second century AD. It should be emphasized, however, that this is the year when the final human remains on the island were discovered, not the year it was built.
Another mystery to the experts is how the island’s founders managed to carry about 100,000 tonnes of volcanic rock across the water to construct the 92 islands that make up Nan Madol today. Furthermore, Nan Madol is not only constructed on land, but also on the water, similar to Venice.
The magnetic rocks, which were used to construct the island, are the next feature worth noting. It has been found that bringing a compass next to a rock causes it to go crazy. So, does this imply that the magnetism of the rocks was responsible for the formation of a complete island?
The Tale of the Twin Magicians is a story about two magicians who are twins.
The origins of Nan Madol are the subject of various hypotheses. Some claim it was built by huge giants, while others believe it was built by two magicians. The island was found by two magicians from a mysterious place known as Kanamwayso, according to Pohnpeian traditions. The island was desolate, but the brothers Olisihpa and Olosohpa planted it after appeasing the Goddess of Agriculture, Nahnisohn Sahpw. The 92 islands are almost comparable in size and form.
The brothers represented the Saudeleur kingdom. The origins of this island are a source of contention. The inhabitants also thought that the twin magicians built the city by carrying basalt boulders on the back of a great flying dragon.
When the older twin, Olosohpa, died, the younger twin, Olosohpa, became the first Saudeleur. He married a local lady and had twelve children, leading to the birth of sixteen more Dipwalip (“Great”) Saudeleur monarchs.
The dynasty’s founders governed with kindness, yet they are also said to have been rather domineering. As a consequence, the island remained in anguish under Saudeleur’s dominion until 1628. However, an invasion by Isokelekel, who also lived on the same island, put an end to their rule. However, the heirs of Isokelekel were forced to abandon the island due to a shortage of food and some essential supplies, one of which being the island’s remoteness from the mainland.
On the island, there are still signs of Saudeleur’s control. Experts have unearthed kitchens, residences, and even monuments to the kingdom of Soudelio that are surrounded by basalt rock. However, there are still a slew of riddles that need to be solved.
Is Nan Madol a continent that has vanished?
According to some academics, Nan Madol might represent the ruins of Lemuria and Mu, the “lost continents.” It was one of the first places identified as being part of the lost continent of Mu, according to James Churchward, who wrote a book titled “The Lost Continent of Mu, Motherland of Man” in 1926.
Bill S. Ballinger wrote a book called “Lost City of Stones” in which he claims that the city was created by Greek sailors around 300 BC. David Hatcher Childress, another novelist and publisher, speculates that the enigmatic city of Nan Madol is linked to the lost continent of Lemuria. Because such a civilization does not exist in today’s world, it is assumed that it was destroyed in a spectacular way.